WOMEN EMPOWERMENT AND GENDER JUSTICE | Mahila Sabha on Women Empowerment

Mahila Sabhas are entrusted to implement and manage all development programmes in their respective villages. MSs are well knit platform through which all development programmes can be carried out. Members of Mahila Sabhas are decision makers and planners of program implementation. Obviously Foundation in each of its project keeps Mahila Sabhas in forefront and promotes them as the vanguards. The vision of forming MBTs is an important step to empower SHGs to come together and take forward the economic as well as the social development issues by themselves.

Mahila Sabhas have been organized at five levels; state level, district level, block level village level, panchayat level in its operational area with the aim to:

  • Implements Development Programmes for social, political, economic and cultural empowerment of women

  • Fights against atrocities and exploitation

  • Advocates property rights for the tribal women and gender equality

  • Works for self reliance of the community

  • Promotes linkages with income security schemes of government and other agencies

  • Strives for solution of village problems at every village


The economic empowerment of targeted beneficiaries could be accomplished with increased household income levels and with women performing the key role of supplementing the income. With this motto the Foundation decided to implement model activities through selected families. As such it resolved to promote and mainstream 6 MBTs and set up 600 SHGs under the control of the MBTs. Through this approximately 9000 families would directly receive continuous support and handholding from 6 MBTs. It would result in improved economic status of these families covering nearly 45000 through technical and credit support services.


Besides establishing livelihood linkage for 215 families belonging to the marginalised section and mobilise financial support for another 400 families for taking up income generation activities, the Foundation also plans to support 100 families engaged in vegetable cultivation and another 100 families involved in cash crop and inter cropping. It would also support livestock rearing involving 15 families. It would also send these women on exposure visits to similar project areas.

In September 2008, the federations Mihijam Nagar Panchayat Mahila Sabha Federation, Deogarh district Mahila Sabha Federation, Godda district Mahila Sabha Federation and Jamtara district Mahila Sabha Federation were formed. From 2008 to 2009 Mahila Sabhas were formed and linked to respective Federations. For running the Federations, the members were given training by BASIX for management. This resulted in better understanding among the members. Significantly the women members elect the office bearers of their own Federations. In March 2010 a state level conference was organized in Ranchi on the conclusion of the electoral process. The federation or SHG members of other organizations were also included in this committee.



For empowering the MBT, in deference to the conceptual aspect of functioning of MBTs, it should have only Mahila Sabhas and it would avoid the different opinions related to the SHGs and Mahila Sabhas because both entity are same. In future it will be seen as Mahila Sabhas/SHGs than Mahila Sabhas and SHGs. The MBT should have members of same socio-economic status and ratio of membership should be ST-30 per cent and OBC and SC -70 per cent. Its avowed aim is to work for socio-economic development and ensuring political rights of women.

The capacity building programme is one of the major and important mechanisms for enabling and empowerment process of Mahila Sabhas. This programme is important from core team to women members of Mahila Sabhas. The need of organizing the exposure programme to successful cases of micro enterprises and joint ventures of women like SEWA Bank, Ahmedabad was realized in order to have clarity on future operation and management of MBTs.

Empowering of tribal women and ensuring gender justice also requires effective social and political intervention of the Mahila Sabhas. To accomplish the target they also,

  • Undertake dharna and take out rallies to demand their rights, particularly land rights and property rights.

  • Engage in signature campaign with national women’s organizations or land rights

  • Nominated women candidates for the recently held panchayat elections and it is significant that at least 20 of their nominees got elected to various bodies; gram panchayats, block panchayats and zilla panchayats.

  • Take up village level disputes and resolved them

  • There are five pradhans in the areas from these groups

  • Formed federation at the state level

  • Take up advocacy issues acting as pressure group

  • Improve participation of women in political system

  • Ensure participation of women in development processes.




Women Empowerment and Gender Justice

Sustainable Rural Livelihoods Programme


Health, Nutrition and Sanitation

# Mahila Sabha Mutual Benefit Trust
# Mahila Sabha on Women Empowerment
# Mahila Sabha at a glance
# Bank linkage and Revolving Funds
# Training and Skill Building

# Promotion of Food Security Through System of Rice Intensification

# Promotion of Vegetable Cultivation (Potato & Tomato)

# Promotion of Micro Irrigation Scheme (DRIP)

# Promotion of Tasar, Spinning, Reeling & Weaving Training for Leaf Plate Making

# Vermi Compost and Organic Manuring

# Natural Resource Generation
# Sustainable Cultivation
# Wadi Programme
# Farmers Club
# Early Interventions
# Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
# Health Status of Tribal People
# Health Insurance
# Baseline Survey
# Community Health and Nutrition
  ** Maternal and Child Health Care
** School Health Programme
** Awareness Generation
** Capacity Building of TBAs and Local

Advocacy and Lobby


Building Institutions

Human Resource Development Strategy

  #Human Resource Development
  **Awareness Building
  **Establishment of Non Formal Education 
#Impact of Education
#Major Intervention in Education
#Greenwood Public School
#Strategy and approach
Child Development      

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