SUSTAINABLE RURAL LIVELIHOODS PROGRAMME
 

The concept of ‘Sustainable Rural Livelihoods’ has become central to the debate to rural development, poverty reduction and environmental management. A livelihood is sustainable only when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks, maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, while not undermining the natural resource base. Sustainable livelihoods are achieved through access to a range of livelihood resources (natural, economic, human and social capitals) which are combined in the pursuit of different livelihood strategies (Agricultural Intensification or Extensification, livelihood diversification and migration. It has to be clearly understood what are the livelihood resources, institutional processes and livelihood strategies which are important in enabling the achievement of sustainable livelihoods for different groups of people. Identifying what livelihood resources (or combinations of ‘capitals’) are required for different livelihood strategy combinations is essential for success of the effort. This is the most effective mode for eradicating extreme poverty and hunger. A sustainable rural livelihoods (SRL) framework could effectively be used in helping the rural poor to improve their lives and strengthen the sustainability of their livelihoods.

A small land base, low agricultural productivity and low incomes have aggravated indebtedness pushing tribals into a vicious circle of exploitation. Shrinking of the resource base has made the life of the tribals vulnerable. Land alienation has deprived them of their land and they have also been affected by displacement due to mining operations, irrigation projects, wildlife sanctuaries, etc. These have led to social discontent and unrest which provide fertile ground for extremist activities which only more meaningful development of the tribal areas can combat.

In spite of huge natural resources, Jharkhand is amongst the Indian states lowest on the ladder of development indicators. Around 2% of its population suffer chronic hunger and 10% experience seasonal food insecurity. According to the BPL (below the poverty line) survey of 1997-2002, of the 3.77 million rural families in the state, 2.32 million families live below the poverty line.

The Programme adopts a 'Watershed Plus' approach using the watershed as the basic vehicle. Understanding the livelihood systems of the poor is crucial to effective poverty reduction. Livelihoods of the poor can never be understood in any one-track logic. The livelihood systems are made up of very diverse elements which taken together constitute the physical, economic, social and cultural universe wherein the families live. The framework which has been developed by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) is intended to define the scope of and provide the analytic basis for livelihood analysis.

This situation forced the Foundation to search for alternative ways of enhancing people’s livelihoods. Given the tradition of “Tasar Cultivation” amongst tribals and the presence of some Khadi Production Units in the region “Tasar Khadi” was an obvious choice. In addition to this, the Foundation also began providing support for other income generation activities like animal husbandry, vegetable gardening and petty business.

To promote the food security through System of Rice Intensification (SRI), Badlao Foundation selected 220 farmers from Jarmundi and Saraiyahat Blocks of Dumka District for paddy cultivation with the support of NABARD. Out of which 172 farmers were from 8 Villages of Jarmundi Block and 48 farmers were from 2 villages of Saraiyahat Block. Awareness was generated within 10 villages & this led to the growth of interest level among the other communities. Training and knowledge about Seed Treatment, Nursery Rising, Field Preparation, Weeding and Intercultural Practices was imparted by SRI Coordinator, SRI Facilitator among the selected farmers with the help of RSO ( PRADAN). To promote the aforesaid technique almost 55 acres land were used by the farmers.

STATUS OF FIELD

Nursery

220 farmers prepared their nurseries and were trained on nursery razing; however, the delayed monsoon compelled the farmers to opt for their conventional practices. Other waited for the rain and could complete the processes lately. Irrigating the raised nursery was difficult for many farmers due to non availability of water in the vicinity of their plots. So some farmers raised nurseries away from their main transplantation field. Low seed rate (2 kg seed per acre of land) was encouraging for farmers. Some farmers just tried considering small loss on the part of seed cost. On the contrary, if it would succeed they would be experiencing a better production practice of paddy cultivation. The seed varieties largely used were Lalat (110-120 days of maturity) and Navin (115-120 days maturity). Cow dung application was ensured in all the nurseries. The farmers mostly experienced good germination and growth of seedlings.

 
Transplantation

Out of total 220 nursery farmers, 132 were able to transplant the seeding in the main field with SRI technique. This was because of the late and in adequate rainfall this time.

The total coverage considering Jarmundi and Saraiyahat in Dumka Districts is 31.80 acres. The farmers had plan for bigger coverage, but due to bad monsoon they were able to prepare lesser lands for transplantation. In most of the plots, the seedlings were transplanted in 12" x 12" gaps and followed line sowing using ropes. However, in some cases the farmers were not able to maintain straight lines on both the sides as they were doing it for the first time. The main problem was using the ropes for transplantation after getting it wet. It became tough and heavy to lift and again laying it on the next line with exact gap became difficult. In some plots, the spacing was reduce 10"x 9" or 9" x 9" due to delayed transplantation (Running till of 15 August). It was ensured that all farmers have applied the required basal dose of manures (3kg. of DAP and 3kg. of potash per 10 dc. of mainland). Few could apply cow dung also in their plots before transplantation.

 
Water Management

Almost 75 to 80 percentages of farmers have applied irrigation one time or more for various activities like nursery raising, transplantation, for mainland irrigation and weeding and hoeing using the Japanese cono-weeder. Low rainfall followed by subsequent dry spells made the farmers rely largely on their wells for wells for irrigation . In some of the plots, the plant growth suffered heavily as there was absolute water scarcity for the farmer to be able to irrigate SRI fields.


Our Livelihood Initiatives

  • Promotion of Food Security Through System of Rice Intensification

  • Promotion of Vegetable Cultivation (Potato & Tomato)

  • Promotion of Micro Irrigation Scheme (DRIP)

  • Promotion of Tasar, Spinning, Reeling & Weaving

  • Training for Leaf Plate Making

  • Vermi Compost and Organic Manuring
     

 

WHAT WE DO

Women Empowerment and Gender Justice

Sustainable Rural Livelihoods Programme

Agriculture

Health, Nutrition and Sanitation





# Mahila Sabha Mutual Benefit Trust
# Mahila Sabha on Women Empowerment
# Mahila Sabha at a glance
# Bank linkage and Revolving Funds
# Training and Skill Building

# Promotion of Food Security Through System of Rice Intensification

# Promotion of Vegetable Cultivation (Potato & Tomato)

# Promotion of Micro Irrigation Scheme (DRIP)

# Promotion of Tasar, Spinning, Reeling & Weaving Training for Leaf Plate Making

# Vermi Compost and Organic Manuring

# Natural Resource Generation
# Sustainable Cultivation
# Wadi Programme
# Farmers Club
# Early Interventions
# Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
# Health Status of Tribal People
# Health Insurance
# Baseline Survey
# Community Health and Nutrition
 
  ** Maternal and Child Health Care
   
** School Health Programme
   
** Awareness Generation
   
** Capacity Building of TBAs and Local
        Practitioners




Advocacy and Lobby

Education

Building Institutions

Human Resource Development Strategy





  #Human Resource Development
  **Awareness Building
  **Establishment of Non Formal Education 
Centres
#Impact of Education
#Major Intervention in Education
#Greenwood Public School
#Strategy and approach
   
Child Development      
         
       

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